renderToStaticMarkup renders a non-interactive React tree to an HTML string.

const html = renderToStaticMarkup(reactNode, options?)


renderToStaticMarkup(reactNode, options?)

On the server, call renderToStaticMarkup to render your app to HTML.

import { renderToStaticMarkup } from 'react-dom/server';

const html = renderToStaticMarkup(<Page />);

It will produce non-interactive HTML output of your React components.

See more examples below.


  • reactNode: A React node you want to render to HTML. For example, a JSX node like <Page />.
  • optional options: An object for server render.
    • optional identifierPrefix: A string prefix React uses for IDs generated by useId. Useful to avoid conflicts when using multiple roots on the same page.


An HTML string.


  • renderToStaticMarkup output cannot be hydrated.

  • renderToStaticMarkup has limited Suspense support. If a component suspends, renderToStaticMarkup immediately sends its fallback as HTML.

  • renderToStaticMarkup works in the browser, but using it in the client code is not recommended. If you need to render a component to HTML in the browser, get the HTML by rendering it into a DOM node.


Rendering a non-interactive React tree as HTML to a string

Call renderToStaticMarkup to render your app to an HTML string which you can send with your server response:

import { renderToStaticMarkup } from 'react-dom/server';

// The route handler syntax depends on your backend framework
app.use('/', (request, response) => {
const html = renderToStaticMarkup(<Page />);

This will produce the initial non-interactive HTML output of your React components.


This method renders non-interactive HTML that cannot be hydrated. This is useful if you want to use React as a simple static page generator, or if you’re rendering completely static content like emails.

Interactive apps should use renderToString on the server and hydrateRoot on the client.